Total Credits: 1 Illinois
On Thursday morning, March 24, 2016, Israel Defense Forces Sergeant Elor Azaria killed and severely wounded Palestinian terrorist, Abdel Fattah al-Sharif, who was incapacitated when mortally shot. For this act, Azaria was convicted of manslaughter by a military court and sentenced to 18 months imprisonment subsequently reduced by the IDF Chief of Staff, General Gadi Eizencot.
The decision to prosecute Azaria, his subsequent conviction and incarceration, rocked Israeli society reflecting deep fissures on powerful issues, including, but not limited to, what is the normative moral standard expected of soldiers in a non-traditional conflict.
Colonel (Res.) Maya Heller retired from military service in the Israel Defense Forces in 2020.
From 2001 to 2020, Col. (Res.) Heller served as a military judge in the Military Courts Unit.
During this period, from 2009 to 2016, she served as President of a Military Court of First Instance. In 2017, she was appointed Military Judge of the Military Court of Appeals.
Prior to her appointment she has served in a variety of positions in the Military Advocate General (MAG) unit. Among them: Legal Adviser in the Office of the Chief of Staff (Lt. General Ehud Barak) and a Senior Assistant to the Chief Military Prosecutor.
Throughout her tenure as a judge, Col. (Res.) Heller presided in complex and sensitive cases, some of which were at the center of public discourse and dealt with a variety of issues, such as: combat morality and purity of arms, commanders' responsibilities, IDF duty and equality in service. At the same time, Maya presided the entire spectrum of criminal offenses, amongst them: manslaughter offenses, sexual assaults, drug offenses, and more. Maya was also the chair of a Parole Board.
Maya is a graduate of the Mediation Course of the Mediation Company (A.D.R.) Ltd., as part of the Judicial Training Center, (recognized by the Gadot Committee, the Department of Justice) and a graduate of the Military Judges Course, at the United States Army Military Law School (Charlottesville, Virginia).
Maya took part as an editorial board member in writing the book "History Will Judge - 70 Years of Military Justice," published by the Ministry of Defense.
Maya holds an LL.B. degree from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and an LL.M. degree, with Distinction, from Tel Aviv University.
Amos N. Guiora is Professor of Law at the S.J. Quinney College of Law, the University of Utah. He is a Distinguished Fellow at The Consortium for the Research and Study of Holocaust and the Law at Chicago-Kent College of Law, and a Distinguished Fellow and Counselor at the International Center for Conflict Resolution, Katz School of Business, University of Pittsburgh. He is the Inaugural Chair of the University of Utah Independent Review Committee, Chair of the Gymnastics Canada Task Force on Assault, and a Member of the Board of Advisors for S.E.S.A.M.E. (Stop Educator Sexual Abuse Misconduct & Exploitation), the leading national voice for the prevention of sexual exploitation, abuse, and harassment of students by teachers and other school staff.
Professor Guiora has an A.B. in history from Kenyon College, a J.D. from Case Western Reserve University School of Law, and a PhD from Leiden University. He has published extensively both in the United States and Europe on issues related to human rights, national security, limits of interrogation, religion and terrorism, the limits of power, and multiculturalism.
His most recent book is Armies of Enablers: Survivor Stories of Complicity and Betrayal in Sexual Assaults (2020). His previous books include Populist and Islamist Challenges for International Law (2019); Earl Warren, Ernesto Miranda and Terrorism (2018); The Crime of Complicity: The Bystander in the Holocaust (2017); and Tolerating Intolerance: The Price of Protecting Extremism (2014).
Professor Guiora’s research directly contributed to legislation ratified by the Utah Legislature, signed into law by Governor Cox on March 23, 2021, that criminalizes bystanders who do not intervene on behalf of children and vulnerable adults. The legislation, introduced by Rep. Brian King and sponsored by Sen. Kurt Bramble, enjoyed overwhelming bipartisan support.
John Geiringer, the Regulatory Section Leader of the Barack Ferrazzano Financial Institutions Group, is a nationally recognized banking attorney who advises financial institutions on regulatory, governance, and investigative matters. He also serves as a founding co-director of the Center for National Security and Human Rights Law (and its Consortium for the Research and Study of Holocaust and the Law) at Chicago-Kent College of Law, where he teaches classes on banking, national security, and the Holocaust. Among his other publications, John is the editor of, and contributor to, Countering the Financing of Terrorism: Law and Policy, recently published by the American Bar Association, and is the co-editor of an upcoming treatise on legal issues surrounding the Holocaust.
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